GNOME 3.32: beta 2 available, final release on March 13th


The GNOME Project has released the GNOME 3.32 beta 2
GNOME 3.32 beta 2 arrives two weeks after beta 1 to allow early adopters to find as many bugs as possible before the Release Candidate (which will arrive on March 6) and the final release, scheduled for March 13th. From now on the code is in String Freeze : new features will not be added, but we will focus only on bug fixing .

GNOME 3.32: the news
GNOME 3.32 will have many new features and improvements and will be supported for the next six months through two point releases: the first, GNOME 3.32.1, will arrive on 10 April 2019.
I have kept you constantly updated on the news that we will find on board, let's make a brief summary.

A new version of the Adwaita theme is coming soon and a new app for screencast over Wi-Fi (called Screencaster ). That's not all: users will have more control over the installed applications.


There will be a new ' Applications ' panel in order to offer more control over the apps you have decided to install on your system (including flatpak apps, repo apps, etc).

The developers then worked on other aspects of GNOME improving the look, usability and layout of other key DE panels. For example, the Sound panel now uses a vertical layout and sorts the options more logically. The Display panel has also been revisited: the widgets are smaller and in line with those of the other panels.

An important performance improvement is expected with regard to Gnome Shell and Mutter after an extensive review of the source code.

As for this beta 2 you will find the complete changelog here.


Huawei Mate X, impressive foldable smartphone with 5G


MWC 2019 . Huawei Mate X has been the great novelty of the conference of the Chinese firm in Barcelona with permission of the new Matebook ultraportables.

A few days ago  we anticipated the design of this Huawei Mate X and today we had the opportunity to follow your presentation live. Yes, it is a foldable smartphone with 5G that will become the ultimate competition for the Galaxy Fold .


Huawei Mate X has its own design compared to the Samsung type book model, with a single flexible screen that folds in reverse (outward) and that allows to switch from smartphone to tablet (or vice versa) in a fast and simple way.


The Huawei model is larger than Samsung's in both modes. When the OLED screen is fully deployed, you will have an 8-inch Android tablet. When you double it, you'll have a 6.6-inch screen or, to be more precise, you'll have a double screen, a front screen and a back screen with the following dimensions and resolutions:

  • 8-inch tablet mode , with native resolution of 2480 x 2200 pixels and 8: 7.1 aspect ratio.
  • Front screen  of 6.6 inches, with native resolution of 2480 x 1148 pixels with 19.5: 9 aspect ratio.
  • 6.38 inch rear screen with native resolution of 2480 x 892 pixels with 25: 9 aspect ratio.


This type of design eliminates the need for a secondary display like that of the Galaxy Fold and makes the Huawei Mate X look more usable as an intelligent mobile . In addition, the power button and the fingerprint reader are on the side, which means there is no notch on the screen when you look at the device from the front, something that distinguishes the Galaxy Fold in both modes.

In tablet mode, Mate X is only 5.4 mm thick at its thinnest point, although there is a square section on one side where the device has four cameras and other components. When you fold the device in half to use it in phone mode, the screen aligns with the cameras, creating an 11mm set.


Huawei says the Mate X has a patented hinge technology that allows the device to "be thinner than other collapsible devices" ... You know who it refers to.

The bar with cameras and other components give the device an appearance similar to that of a  Lenovo Yoga Tab  when used in tablet mode, with a strip on one side that is twice as thick as the rest of the device. Aesthetically is not ideal, but looking for the positive side, is a handle to hold it when you hold it in your hand and is a good solution to fit the smartphone mode.

It does not have a front camera as such, but since the screen wraps around the entire device, you can use the 6.4-inch secondary screen as a viewfinder when you take a selfie with the four available cameras.


The terminal is powered by Huawei's most advanced chipset , the Kirin 980, which, in addition to processing and graphic power and artificial intelligence features, has Huawei's new Balong 5000 modem, which offers support for mobile networks. of new generation.

It has 8 Gbytes of RAM and a storage capacity of 512 Gbytes. It also offers support for dual SIM and has two batteries for a total capacity of 4,500 mAh and support for fast charging of 55 watts.


Availability and price Huawei Mate X
The Huawei 5G foldable smartphone will be available this year, according to company executives at the conference. We reached the critical point of this wonder, its sale price that rises to 2,299 euros .

As we said of the Samsung model, the technological innovations are paid and it is clear that at the moment it is not focused or available to all mortals. We assume that Huawei will manufacture and distribute it in a limited manner at launch and evaluate its reception. This type of concept is in its infancy and it is certain that the new generations will have a more polished design and more contained prices.

[GUIDE] Here's how to install Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS HWE

Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS was released last Thursday on Desktop, Server and Cloud. This point release includes updates, bug fixing and a new hardware enablement stack (hwe).

The hardware enablement stack allows support for new generation hardware and introduces new drivers and a new kernel. In this case the Linux kernel and the server stack display are derived from Ubuntu 18.10 'Cosmic Cuttlefish'.

The onboard kernel is Ubuntu  Linux 4.18 . The new HWE also updates Xserver, Wayland and Mesa (18.2.x) as well as several drivers. In the next point release, the 18.04.3, expected for August, the kernel and the packages will come from Ubuntu 19.04 .

As you will know if you have also kept the system up-to-date, you have not received the new HWE. Let's see how to update.

Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS: here's how to install the Hardware Enablement Stack

If you want to try the new HWE you can install it using the following command:
sudo apt install --install-recommends linux-generic-hwe-18.04 xserver-xorg-hwe-18.04
On Ubuntu 18.04 servers install only the hwe kernel package:
sudo apt install --install-recommends linux-generic-hwe-18.04
Restart the PC after completing the procedure.

By doing so you have installed kernel 4.18 replacing 4.15 and X 1.20.1 instead of X 1.19.6.

If you want to check until the operating system is supported by Canonical and check if the hwe has been installed correctly, give the following command:
hwe-support-status --verbose

Apple will block iOS apps that secretly record screen activity


Earlier this week it was discovered that some popular applications of Apple's ecosystem use  an SDK developed by Glassbox that allows recording the activity that occurs on the screen of an iPhone or iPad without the user knowing. An intrusive analysis service that acts without due transparency, in secret and violating the own rules of the application store .

Apple has responded by issuing a warning to developers working on its mobile platform  announcing the blocking of this type of iOS apps if you do not obtain the explicit consent of the user to use them and without providing a clear indicator of when the process is running.

" Protecting user privacy is paramount in the Apple ecosystem. Our application store rules require that applications request the explicit consent of the user and provide a clear visual indication when recording the user's activity , " Apple said in a statement to  TechCrunch.

Glassbox has commented that neither they nor their clients  "are interested in 'spying' on consumers. Our goals are to improve the experiences of online customers and protect consumers from a compliance perspective . " A typical explanation to a new case of invasion of privacy . An issue that regrettably repeats itself week after week and that continues without controlling the technological ones by omission or self-interest.

At least Apple's response has been quick and adequate, giving developers a one-day deadline to adapt the apps to the terms of the Apple Store. If they do not comply, they will be blocked developments of Abercrombie & Fitch,, Air Canada, Hollister, Expedia or Singapore Airlines, among others that are using the analysis service of Glassbox.

"We have notified developers that they violate these strict privacy terms and guidelines, and we will take immediate action if necessary," Apple said, confirming that the breach of privacy was occurring . One more.

Bad performance with WSL? Install Linux, but do not disable the antivirus


The subsystem of Windows for Linux, better known as WSL and whose main practical components include the Bash shell and the utilities that usually accompany it, has been quite well received in the environment of developers and system administrators who depend on Windows, but they also need Linux to work. The integration of WSL has improved over time and more and more users are using it, but it is not without problems.

One of those problems is performance, and it's a big problem in some cases. Thus, while WSL performs very well in terms of the use of the CPU or the memory it consumes, reading and writing to disk can drastically drop such performance, to the point that virtualizing the system results in a better option. Because of this there is someone who is doing without keeping the antivirus active, thus recovering some margin to operate. But this solution can generate an even bigger problem.

It is the warning that Rich Turner has launched at the suggestion to disable Windows Defender -or any other antivirus- to improve performance. Turner is a Microsoft engineer and one of those responsible for the command line in Windows or, as he says, "bring Linux to Windows", so he is a deep expert on the subject. As he is aware of the delicate security in the Microsoft system without the relevant protections, including antivirus software.

" We are working with several teams at this time to find an effective solution to this performance problem and its impact. Meanwhile, we recommend patience. We DO NOT recommend disabling Defender (or the third-party antimalware suite chosen), nor do we recommend excluding WSL folders or code folders [from antivirus monitoring, it is understood], "says Turner, according to Phoronix.

Maybe in the next update of Windows 10 next April improve the situation, we must see it. What there is no doubt is that to use the tools of Linux, it is best to install Linux in the traditional way or, if preferred, virtualizing the system.

Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS "Bionic Beaver" available


After a week of delay due to a bug Canonical announced the arrival of Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS (Bionic Beaver).

Initially, Ubuntu 18.04.2 was expected for February 7th but there was a problem that did not allow a successful termination of the boot . The system was blocked on the "Starting Load/Save RF Kill Switch Status ..." line. Users were able to boot with a more dated kernel (linux-image-4.18.0-13) with the shift key when starting the grub.

The problem was solved quickly (both on Ubuntu 18.10 and on 18.04), so Canonical gave the permission and the second point release of Bionic Beaver is finally available.


The developers have introduced major improvements to GNOME Shell and Mutter  with the goal of reducing memory usage, CPU spikes and making animations smoother. Several applications have been updated, on board we find Firefox 65 , Thunderbird 60.4 and LibreOffice 6.0.2 .

Updated Kernel & Graphics Drivers
One of the most interesting news is the arrival of an updated hardware stack (HWE). The Linux kernel and server stack display are derived from Ubuntu 18.10 'Cosmic Cuttlefish'.

The onboard kernel is Ubuntu  Linux 4.18. The same version that we find in Ubuntu 18.10, released last October. The new HWE also updates Xserver, Wayland and Mesa (18.2.x) as well as several drivers. Support for new generation hardware introduced.

Who installed Ubuntu 18.04 LTS in April last year will not receive updates automatically, must proceed by hand. To do this, just give the following command:
sudo apt-get install –install-recommends linux-generic-hwe-18.04 xserver-xorg-hwe-18.04
Instead, of course, who will install the new ISO from scratch will have the new HWE.

If you want to install Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS you can do it by downloading the ISO from the following link:

PS : This point release is also available for Kubuntu, Xubuntu, Lubuntu, Ubuntu MATE, Ubuntu Budgie, Ubuntu Kylin and all the various flavors.

KDE Plasma 5.15 arrives: "light, usable and productive"


KDE Plasma 5.15 is the new major version of the popular desktop environment and the first one launched in 2019, within the KDE objectives for the coming years, focused on "usability and productivity".

"With this in mind, we joined the VDG (Visual Design Group) collaborators to receive comments about the annoying problems in our software, and we managed to guarantee an intuitive and consistent workflow for their daily use", they point out in the official announcement , before giving way to the novelties that this version brings. They highlight changes in configuration interfaces, redesigning icons, improvements in integration with third-party technologies and more.

Plasma Widgets
The first section of the review is focused on the Plasma widgets , the individual components that together constitute the desktop, many of which receive improvements:

  • The Bluetooth widget is supported to show the battery of the connected devices, provided that the latest versions of the "upower" and "Bluez" packages are installed.
  • New assistant to download desktop background plugins (for example, to put more things apart from images, effects, etc.) directly integrated into the desktop configuration dialog.
  • Spacing improvements in the icons on the desktop for better horizontal readability.
  • Screen reader support for icons on the desktop.
  • Improvements in the spacing and appearance of notifications.
  • Cleaning in KRunner to better handle duplicates, whether applications, bookmarks or others.


Also, the system preferences section improves, as well as widgets and other configuration modules . The highlight in this case is the homogenization in the arrangement of the options, including icons, buttons and, in general, everything related to the design.

Specific improvements that are mentioned concern the configuration of virtual desktops, the digital clock and the folder views, the effects of the desktop or the blocking screen, which now integrates with the installed Plasma theme. Everything is more orderly and looks more "standardized" in KDE Plasma 5.15.

Multiplatform integration
This "cross-platform integration" contemplates different novelties and for example offers the possibility of, finally, using Snap and Flatpak applications that respect the Plasma configuration , including themes, icons, colors and typographies, according to what is said, without the need to touch anything plus.

Another interesting change is HiDPI support , which now also applies to GTK and GNOME applications; and the same should happen with the light and dark Breeze-GTK themes, which have been refined to avoid inconsistencies.

To finish, it is already possible to use the native window dialogs of the desktop in Firefox , being essential to install a couple of packages ("xdg-desktop-portal" and "xdg-desktop-portal-kde"), in addition to configuring the launcher with special attributes ("GTK_USE_PORTAL = 1" in the file ".desktop"), which is a bit convoluted, although the fault is not the developers of KDE, which quite do, but the well-known and repeated contempt of Mozilla towards the Linux desktop.


Oh, Discover! The Plasma application store has improved a world only one year to this part, but still suffers from deficiencies in terms of use and design. That is why every new version of the desktop is so welcome in this regard and KDE Plasma 5.15 is no exception.

Discover receives numerous improvements with this version:

  • It integrates the option to update the system directly in the system tray widget , similar to how it works in openSUSE, it seems; and will show the option to restart if necessary.
  • You can now mark and uncheck specific updates, to install those and not all.
  • Management of sources is simplified, in the style of what is stated in the configuration modules; " More practical and useful, especially in distributions based on Ubuntu ".
  • The discover function is compatible with the search for Flatpak application extensions.
  • Improvement in the installation of local packages, indicating the dependencies in more detail.
  • Better organization: applications searches will only show applications, while add-ons should be searched from their own section.

And, again, in general, other small improvements that benefit the operation of Discover, which, as we say a year ago, has improved a lot especially in terms of stability, which was the main thing, and which is slowly refining details 


For the rest, KDE Plasma 5.15 brings improvements of different types related to the management of windows, the support of Wayland, perhaps the technology that is more difficult to integrate, even when the advances are happening without haste but without pause; improvements in the network manager, whose main novelty is the support of WireGuard VPN; and many improvements to the Breeze icons, which are actually part of KDE Frameworks, but their indispensability on the desktop makes them a first-class element. More data in the change list.

In short, KDE Plasma already has a lot in its favor: power, lightness, customization ... So the work done in the latest versions of the desktop, including this one, consists of that mythical movie phrase of "give wax, polish wax ", That is, improving everything that can be improved, which is still very much.

As always, KDE Plasma 5.15 will arrive at one time or another depending on the distribution you use, but if you use KDE neon you just have to update, because it is available from this afternoon.

Firefox versus Chrome Why should you use one or the other?

Firefox versus Chrome1
Google Chrome closed 2018 increasing its domain in web browsing and that's how it started in 2019, reaching a new record of 67.29% according to the January market share data published by  Netmarketshare . For its part, Firefox rose strongly (almost half a point) for the second month in a row, recovering minimums and touching the 10% barrier.

Edge also went up a few tenths but more for the momentum of Windows 10 where it is included by default. The Internet Explorer fell again , are virtually dead and are kept simply for business compatibility reasons. The Apple Safari is only used by one out of every three Mac users for a fee kept at 3%, while Opera remains below 2% and receding since its change of ownership. Vivaldi, Yandex, Sogou Explorer or QQ, are other developments that can be used, but are irrelevant in the overall quota.

The result is that waiting for what that Edge Chromium that has removed the segment of browsers can get what it means to use the same engine as Google and its opening to Windows 7, 8 and macOS,  Firefox is today the only real alternative to Chrome  for the great bulk of netizens. Today we put them face to face and review their advantages of use. Do not listen to assertions that say one is "better" than another because it is impossible to objectively sentence him. Our recommendation is the usual: try both and decide which one you like best or best suits your needs.

Firefox versus Chrome
Firefox and Chrome are two great developments and any type of user will be comfortable with them as exponents of modern web browsers. Firefox was born as an attempt by Mozilla to take back the legacy of Netscape Navigator after it released its code after being defenestrated by Internet Explorer before the own errors (of Netscape), the aggressive strategy of Microsoft and the use of Windows to boost it.

In its time, it was almost the only alternative to IE until Chrome appeared as the commercial solution of the technological base provided by Chromium, an open source development also created by Google that has become the great development for the creation of browsers, being used by others such as Opera, Maxthon, Vivaldi and Brave. And soon the same Microsoft for the new Edge.

Chromium, plus the huge Internet presence of related Google applications and services, has been largely responsible for Chrome dominating the web browser market by a wide margin.

Firefox versus Chrome

Strengths of Firefox
Although Firefox looks more and more like Chrome on the aesthetic level, it still maintains appreciable differences on the technological and conceptual level. Uses a different engine, offers extensive customization of the interface, own extensions, maintains a completely open development also in the conceptual field, being the only one of the great browsers under a completely open source development and betting on guaranteeing the privacy of the user. We review some of its advantages:

Quickness and lightness . The 'Quantum' treatment from Firefox 57 has made the Mozilla browser a great fit and has improved the speed of execution of its engine, the opening of the browser and the loading of pages. Mozilla says that Firefox consumes 30% less resources than Chrome, a 'tragón' especially in RAM. Although some users think that current browsers are too 'inflated' Chrome is the most in this regard. Firefox is just a browser, while Google thinks of turning Chrome into a platform by bringing it closer to Chrome OS.

Open Source . Firefox is the only one of the great browsers developed completely under open code and by a non-profit foundation. Firefox maintains a  complete public roadmap  that is influenced by taxpayers and community members. This type of community cooperation is a great value beyond concepts and allows anyone to see, change or redistribute their code. Although Chrome has Chromium components, it is not open and -obviously- all decisions about future direction are made internally within an organization that is due to its shareholders and the achievement of financial results.

Customization and extensions . Firefox has been characterized as an application of a very open nature, this means that not only its code is available to anyone, but also offers a very customizable interface. The user can change a good part of the browser options to adapt it to their needs. In Chrome the customization options are lower and the truth is that any version looks almost identical even on different platforms. As for extensions, Chrome has a much larger collection, but Firefox has several unique extensions (the tree style tab as an example), which are not available to Chrome users.

Privacy . Mozilla has highlighted since the beginning of Firefox the commitment to respect the right to privacy of its users. L to  privacy of Firefox  is clearly fixed and transparent information provides data that can be collected and these data are used. To highlight their special mode of private browsing they have finished implementing the rest. The differences here are simple. Mozilla is not Google, it does not live on the data collection of the Internet giant. 

Firefox does what Chrome does . Do you want to synchronize tabs, bookmarks, profiles and more on different devices? Do you need to develop websites with the help of an element inspector and a console? What about security to prevent malware infections? Or a task manager to identify performance problems? In other words, anything you can do in Chrome you can probably do in Firefox. You will not have problems in the transition. Firefox facilitates the import of favorites or passwords and works perfectly with all types of pages.

Chrome's strengths
Interface . Google has bet from its first version by a minimalist interface, but intuitive and effective, with which any user can begin to use easily. Far from loading the application interface with options that the user rarely uses, he chose to put the main menu inside a button to the right of the address bar and took advantage of the title bar to eliminate it and place the tabs in place. . Although it can be customized, its interface is still very clear and simple, dedicated to what matters in a web browser.

Performance . The multiprocessing capability of Chrome allows you to take better advantage of the multicore capabilities of modern processors, offering a very fast loading of web pages and allowing a large number of open tabs, which are also managed separately. The deferred charge is another interesting feature recently implemented for faster loading of web pages. In short, Chrome offers great performance, even at the cost of increased resource consumption at both the CPU and RAM levels.

Security . Leaving aside the controversial aspects of privacy and the management of data collection, Google has done a great job in terms of security with Chrome. He was the first to implement process isolation (sandbox); in adopting end-to-end encryption in data synchronization; in marking unsafe pages to improve the adoption of HTTPS; the activation of private browsing with sensitive data; improvement of security in extensions; blocking of abusive ads and a long etc.

Ecosystem and Google services . If you use a lot of other services and applications from Google, using Chrome you will feel at home because its integration is massive and, in addition, you can use multiple accounts to configure several Chrome profiles. Some users consider that it is already too much and Chrome more and more resembles Chrome OS in terms of its possibilities, more than a browser a complete platform. Others appreciate it. If you are looking for the execution of complex applications in the same browser or you are looking for extensions to extend their functionality or customize it, no other browser offers so much.

Development and new technologies . The presence of Google on the Internet, the market share of Chrome and the use of a base like Chromium, gives it a significant influence so that sites and applications tend to be perfectly programmed in Chrome. Advanced web development is also usually easier in Chrome. For good or bad, the direction of web technologies is now in the hands of Google. The Microsoft Chromium Edge is a clear example.

What do you think? Which web browser do you like the most? Which one do you use. Why? You have to participate

7 Linux distributions alternatives to Windows 7

Microsoft will finalize technical support for Windows 7 on January 14, 2020 . This means that the operating system will not receive new security updates and will potentially be exposed to attacks taking advantage of unpatched vulnerabilities. And in Windows there is malware to give and take ... It is the most used and most exploited system.

Although Windows 7 is one of the most successful operating systems in history, maintaining an operating system without security updates is not a recommended option and companies and users have less than a year to prepare the goodbye. To prevent another "Windows XP case" from recurring and in January 2020 the industry is facing tens of millions of vulnerable computers, Microsoft is recommending a massive migration , obviously, to another of its operating systems, Windows 10, either updating or buying a new equipment.

What if I do not like Windows 10 what do I do? You have three main alternatives. Keep Windows 7 with the risk discussed; Acquire an Apple Mac or-better-take the step to Linux. On paper, any computer that runs today Windows 7 will be able to upgrade to one of the GNU / Linux distributions that we are going to propose because its minimum hardware requirements are very similar.

The modern distributions offer a great support for the main architectures using free or proprietary drivers and you should not have problems to support at least the primary hardware (board, processor, graphics, RAM, SSD ...) that will work perfectly in Linux. And forget about myths. Starting with Linux can be intimidating for a user who has never tried the free system but the reality is that  it has never been so simple  in installation and use. And it's totally free, open source, with thousands of free applications and hardware and software support (including games) that -although it's not Windows yet- have improved dramatically in recent years.

7 Linux distributions alternatives to Windows 7
Okay, you're convincing me and I'm going to try it. What distro do I use? Linux as a kernel is unique (although customizable) but the operating system itself, based on GNU/Linux distributions, is available in a number of different developments. A variety that some analysts expose as a problem to extend its market share and really compete against Windows, but that many others perceive as a great advantage because it allows to satisfy the taste and needs of all users.

Thinking of a Windows user that enters the Linux universe , we have selected some distributions that allow a gradual and not dramatic change, for powerful machines and also for others with fewer resources. Of course, you can also use both systems on the same computer to prepare the final transition.

Linux Mint
A derivative of Debian, with the latest version 19.1 based on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (another distro that can be used) that increasingly appeals to Linux users and can be a great alternative to Windows 7. It offers three versions to choose according to its environment. desk. Cinnamon (the most modern, innovative and complete); MATE (the most stable and fastest) and Xfce (the lightest and most stable).


It is one of the developments derived from Ubuntu (and at the same time from Debian), the most popular GNU/Linux distribution in computer desks. Use KDE as a desktop environment and share the same Ubuntu repositories, general operation and support. Another distro guaranteed for any Windows user.


One of the most beautiful distros for which you can choose and in fact, is one of the most downloaded by Windows users. Also based on Ubuntu, compatible as the rest with its repositories and packages, it uses the GNOME desktop environment, but with its own shell. Its interface looks for simplicity and minimalism with clear inspiration in the functionality of Mac OS X, so if you like the Apple operating system you will feel very comfortable with it.


Accessibility, design, efficiency ... are characteristics of this distribution that comes from China and how most of this selection is a guarantee for its Debian base. As Elementary, has always stood out for its aesthetic and for offering a graphical interface with its own personality taking elements from all platforms, GNOME Shell, OS X and Windows itself.


Zorin OS
It is the closest thing to Windows 7 that you will find because it is precisely your goal: that these users feel at home, but at home with Linux. Also based on the incombustible Ubuntu is designed to take the first steps in the free system, with a taskbar, system tray, home button or file browser very similar to Windows 7. Zorin claims to be faster than the Microsoft system with the same hardware and like everyone else you can live with it if you need it in the transition.


Manjaro Xfce
Based on Arch Linux, although with its own repositories, it is one of the alternatives to the Ubuntu family (Debian). It offers KDE, GNOME Shell and Xfce desktop environments. The latter is precisely what we select for Windows 7 machines that are just hardware level because it is a light and fluid distro. Manjaro Linux uses a continuous release development model ( rolling release ) and is in the Top 1 ranking of DistroWatch visits. More information and Download .


Ubuntu MATE
Another derivative of Ubuntu (and Debian at the same time) that like Manjaro works very well on machines with less hardware resources, although it can work just as well on more powerful machines. It offers a quite configurable desktop environment and shares the same Ubuntu repositories, general operation and support.


Of course, we could include many more distributions. And not only GNU/Linux, because Chrome OS is another Linux based system that can be used and there are other free operating systems beyond Windows or Linux, although they are not so direct replacements to Windows 7.

In any case, having as much Linux follower you can certainly contribute your own vision and other Linux distributions alternatives to Windows 7.

LibreOffice 6.1 is ready for production environments


We gave you yesterday the news of the release of LibreOffice 6.2 as the highlight of the day for the amount of news that brings the new version of the office suite, but the truth is that for the business and other types of environments in production, it is not the recommended That's why we are talking today about LibreOffice 6.1.5 , which does come to occupy that space.

We have repeated it many times, but it never hurts to continue doing it for those who do not know how LibreOffice's development and launch cycles work, which usually serves two simultaneous versions: the so-called Fresh, which incorporates the novelties ; and La Stable, whose name says it all.

Thus, LibreOffice 6.2 is the current Fresh version and LibreOffice 6.1.5 is the Stable version , replacing LibreOffice 6.0.5 ; and will continue to be until the new one receives the five regular maintenance updates, at which point it will become the Stable version. All very simple, right? LibreOffice 6.1.5 is only able to receive a security patch. More information about LibreOffice 6.1 news .

Therefore, for the business environment and other types of environments in production, the recommended version is always stable, since it does not introduce changes once it has been launched, thus reducing possible errors or compatibility problems that may arise, although it is not normal that this happens.

The Document Foundation warns that "companies wishing to deploy LibreOffice on a professional basis must obtain value-added services (related to software support, migration and training) from certified people". And they add: "The supply of software and / or business-class services from the ecosystem of certified professionals are the best support options for organizations that implement LibreOffice on a large number of desktops. In fact, these activities are again contributed to the project in the form of improvements to the software and the community , and generate a virtuous circle that is beneficial to all parties, including users. "

That is, hiring professional support is the best option for large companies and organizations that depend on long-term facilities, whose investment will also help to develop the office suite.

GNOME Shell will work much better in GNOME 3.32


GNOME 3.32 will launch in March with, possibly, novelties of all kinds, as it happens with each new major version of the desktop environment. When we arrive we will see it, but we can tell you that above any fascinating feature, we are working on polishing one of the most criticized aspects of the project, and we are not talking about that user experience that some embrace and many reject.

We speak, you know very well, the efficiency and optimization of GNOME Shell , the component that serves as a pure and hard desk and that due to design errors is perceived as inefficient and poorly optimized , worth the redundancy. It is not about correcting specific failures, however infamous ; or simply improving its performance, for which the developers of the project have been putting effort ; but something that affects the very guts of the desk.

Components such as JS/UI or GJS, related to the use of JavaScript in GNOME Shell , are the most sensitive elements in this equation, those that have presented the most limitations and those that have generated the most problems, which are difficult to resolve. But there is nothing impossible in these software worlds and in recent weeks there have been interesting steps in favor of optimizing the environment.

In the penultimate report published each week by Canonical developers, they already offered a good list of optimizations aimed at improving the performance and management of desktop resources, some of which will be transferred to the current versions of Ubuntu LTS, which is great news for its users.

Today, the one in charge of giving more good news has been one of the developers of Endless OS , which allows them to work on these issues and, supported by other components created by the GNOME project to address the problems described, shows considerable progress in the same address : with outstanding optimizations that, like the previous ones, will be able to start enjoying from the release of GNOME 3.32.

The substance of the matter is purely technical and that is why we do not enter. To know more, all the sources included in this article. In any case, GNOME has overcome the obstacles that are presented and this seems the following. This 2019 is going to be very important for the project.

Available Wine 4.0! Support for Vulkan and Direct3D 12, CSMT is enabled by default


After being in development for a year Wine 4.0 is now officially available. The new stable release includes important news such as support for Vulkan, Direct3D 12 and joypads.
For those who do not know Wine is a software written in C that allows the operation of the programs developed for the Microsoft Windows operating system on Linux . Wine is also used by Proton , the layer developed by Valve for Steam Play.


The changes introduced with this major release are many. Support for Direct3D 12 is still experimental. Clearly, the vkd3d library and a Vulkan compatible graphics card are required for Direct3D 12. As for Vulkan, instead, a complete driver has been implemented.

The Multi-Threaded Command Stream (CSMT) is enabled by default, it should provide better graphics side performance . New features have been implemented for Direct3D 10 and 11 and the OpenGL core contexts are now enabled for all graphics cards and for all versions of Direct3D below 12.

Several Direct3D 11 interfaces have been updated to version 11.2 and as many DXGI interfaces have been updated to version 1.6. This allows all applications that require these new interfaces to function properly.

Support for 3D S3TC tablet textures has been introduced . S3TC-compressed 2D textures were already supported. HID game controllers are now supported in the XInput and Raw Input APIs. An SDL driver was then implemented to make the SDL pads compatible with the HID interface. Last but not least: first support for HiDPI on Android.

Find more details in the official release notes. You can download Wine 4.0 from the official website. Find the binaries for macOS, Android, Ubuntu, Debian and Fedora.


KDE neon: Ubuntu LTS and the latest KDE combined perfectly


KDE neon is a distribution (to simplify, we will treat it as such ) that, although it did not have the best of the starts, has ended up becoming one of the most prominent within the GNU/Linux spectrum, which has been clear in our survey to choose the most popular distribution of 2018 , being the first among the distributions that have KDE as the main desktop environment.

It is true that in our survey we put Kubuntu as part of Ubuntu, that Debian offers freedom of choice, although keeping GNOME as a reference, and that with Manjaro something similar to Debian happens, but with the difference that it offers separate installation facilities for each environment and with XFCE as a reference. The three distributions have good implementations of Plasma 5, so it is expected that a significant percentage of its users use it. However, it is important that KDE neon has outperformed openSUSE , which could be considered as the great reference among those who use KDE by default (also offering a good experience with GNOME and XFCE).

Plasma 5 vanilla and Ubuntu LTS: guaranteed support, power and optimization
At this point it is not necessary to describe the more than recognized virtues of Plasma 5: "power", almost infinite possibilities of personalization, versatile, supreme optimization level, with a friendly default arrangement (Windows) ... KDE neon is a product KDE community officer , so by default we find a totally vanilla experience  of the environment, with Breeze as the theme.

But the KDE Project is much more than an environment, it also covers many applications that are among the best within its category in GNU/Linux, or at least among those that are free software. Here we find the powerful digiKam photo manager , the Dolphin file browser and the Okular document reader, however, possibly the most outstanding are Krita and Kdenlive, not because they are qualitatively better, but because neon offers much more versions. updated, refined and functional than Kubuntu (something that from the member of the Ubuntu family is not corrected even with the well-known PPA Kubuntu Backports). This shows KDE neon as a great option to have Plasma 5 in its latest version and to be able to enjoy the most recent versions of KDE applications.

After superficially explaining what KDE neon offers at the software level (KDE and much KDE in the latest version and vanilla experience ), we can not forget about the other big leg that supports this operating system: Ubuntu LTS. Relying on the long support versions of Ubuntu provides enough stability for use in production environments , ideal for such as development with Ruby on Rails and any programming environment. The update and constant improvement of applications like Krita and Kdenlive contribute in a positive way in this sense. In addition, it benefits from all third-party support available for Ubuntu, offering great compatibility with the applications available for GNU / Linux. Here you can add the multimedia support in Opera and Vivaldi, beyond the trite Google Chrome and Steam.

KDE-neon-768x432 (1)

We find Snap installed and enabled by default , so from Discover you can get the applications supplied in this form from the official Canonical store. In addition to Spotify, Discord, Skype and Slack, we also find powerful applications focused on professional environments, such as Android Studio and RubyMine. Beyond the technical discussions around the packages without traditional dependencies, having all this software available with just two clicks is very convenient.

KDE Neon is an operating system without additives (or without many additives), so at first it hardly consumes resources. This opens the door to being able to be installed in relatively modest computers, to the extent that the question to choose between Plasma 5 and XFCE at present is not in the power of the CPU and/or the amount of RAM, but in the power of the GPU. And in spite of everything, it is not that at the graphics level I ask for something especially powerful, since my old Toshiba laptop, with an ATI Mobility Radeon HD2600 with 256 megabytes of shared memory, is able to offer an experience that borders on perfection, just showing failures when a window is resized (something that has happened to me with Unity 7 and GNOME Shell in the same graph), although luckily the graphics level faults go when the window is released, so there is nothing serious to highlight.

It is true that Plasma 5 can be reconfigured so as not to depend on hardware acceleration, however, it is obvious that it is an environment for, at least in its predetermined disposition, to take advantage of that feature that is not well implemented (or not offered). enough power) in certain graphics when using Linux with them.


What does not shine so much of KDE neon
Like all human creation, KDE neon has its faults. Being more specific, it has a series of shortcomings that, although they do not prevent it from becoming a first-level operating system, do make its experience seem incomplete for some users:

  • The lack of a graphic assistant for third-party drivers: Although this is not necessary because I use an AMD GPU and Ubuntu installs by default the micro codes of Intel and AMD as a mitigation measure against Specter , the truth is that NVIDIA users and Broadcom Wi-Fi may be missing some graphical wizard that will help them run their hardware with fewer steps. Kubuntu does have this assistant, so maybe it can be installed.
  • The lack of a graphic assistant to install PPA: Another graphic assistant that is missing. Linux Mint has an explicit graphical tool to add PPA repositories, while Ubuntu offers an implicit way through "Software and updates", only needing to copy and paste the code "ppa: autorppa/nombreppa" in the field "APT line: "When you want to add a new repository to the system.
  • A system not suitable for NVIDIA users ?: Mixing Plasma 5 and NVIDIA may end up giving unsatisfactory results, either due to bugs or performance issues . Here we are not going to blame the KDE community, but the GPU manufacturer for offering quite questionable drivers in terms of compliance with the standards set in GNU/Linux.
  • Constant changes in the set of Qt and KDE may end up breaking compatibility and software applications provided by the official Ubuntu repository. Those who want more reliability and stability in this regard can turn to Kubuntu. In spite of everything, the catalog of software of KDE has the necessary quality and is the sufficiently varied like to mitigate this inconvenience.
  • How about a virtual keyboard emoji?: Yes, this is not a vital feature, but the emoji are increasingly used, so the inclusion of something natively by the KDE community would be very Thank you

Combining the updated KDE software package and Ubuntu LTS would have to result in one of the best operating systems in the world, and yes, KDE neon fulfills and honors that recognition without a doubt.

We are facing a product that is nourished and to a large extent takes advantage of almost all the virtues offered by its two great props, resulting in an operating system with enormous possibilities that can also work correctly on a wide variety of hardware. Of course, as long as the CPU is 64-bit, architecture that has been the standard for more than a decade in the x86 instruction set.

Those who seek the best of KDE on a stable basis and good support from third parties have a great choice in KDE neon. Undoubtedly, this is another case of make Linux great again .

Available Debian 9.7 with the vulnerability patch in APT


The launch of a new maintenance update for the stable Debian branch: Debian 9.7 has just been announced , whose main motivation is given by the recently patched vulnerability found in APT.

It was at the end of last week when a critical flaw was unveiled in the APT package manager , which would allow remote code execution, facilitating man-in-the-middle attacks and a consequent escalation of privileges with the that infect the system at administrator level.

But calm, because as it became known, Debian, Ubuntu and the rest of affected distributions released the patch of rigor , so to keep the system conveniently updated -first basic recommendation for any operating system- there are no more problems.

That is to say, Debian has "taken advantage" of the event to refresh its installation image, but all the Debian versions in course, as well as those of Ubuntu and derived distributions have published the patch, it is worth repeating; that is, as always, this launch is only aimed at new installations .

Otherwise, this version includes Linux kernel 4.9 LTS or GNOME desktop environments 3.22, KDE Plasma 5.8 LTS, Cinnamon 3.2, MATE 1.16, Xfce 4.12 and LXDE, along with the rest of the news that brought Debian 9 'Stretch' .

There's no more. Debian 9.7 can be downloaded through replicas around the world.

Meanwhile, Debian 10 continues its development with a view to arriving this year.

KDE Plasma 5.15 Beta available


The KDE Project announced the KDE Plasma 5.15 beta (Plasma 5.14.90).

After over three months of development, here are the results of the developers' efforts. This release intends to make Plasma more intuitive and simple to use. The devs to achieve this purpose have mainly used the feedback received from the Visual Design Group. The final release is expected for next month (12 February).

KDE Plasma 5.15 Beta

reads in the official announcement.

For Firefox for example it has introduced the ability to use the native dialogs KDE (for opening and saving files).


There are no new amazing features to list but "only" a lot of little news that goes to refine the user experience. The possibility of seeing the remaining battery of bluetooth devices in the Power widget has been introduced , the "Virtual Desktops" page has been renewed with support for Wayland . Present a new theme for Notes , improvements for KRunner and it is now possible to download and install new wallpaper directly from the configuration dialog.


Also Improvement Discover : improves the management of Snap and Flatkpak, the search of the app, repositories, and upgrades. Added a new "Sources" page that replaces "Settings".

Curious to try it? You can download the KDE Plasma 5.15 beta by clicking here.

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