Saturday, April 23, 2011

Things to do after Install Ubuntu Natty Narwhal 11.04

When installing ubuntu we will always use the Gnome desktop, but will use a new user interface (shell) called Unity instead of Classic Gnome Shell.

User Interface (Shell) Unity is composed of a top panel and the panel where the time and sessions, the left side are used and programs that open.

If you install the program to see that the desktop does not fit the screen, can change the resolution, also may change monitor, for this click Applications (left panel), monitors, change resolution more or less, can choose the same image on both monitors, different image or select one and off. Apply and save the configuration.

I. - Some things to do or know

Know the programs that bring the system
  • Totem: video player
  • Banshee Media Player: Audioplayer.
  • LibreOffice. Office Suite.
  • Firefox: Web Browser.
  • Shotwell, viewer and image organizer.
  • Nautilus: The File Manager.
  • Transmission: Client torrent.
  • Evolution: personal information manager.
  • Gwiber: Customer microbloging.
  • Empathy: instant messaging client.
If you install Ubuntu in English, add your language to use accents (accent spelling) :
If your computer uses a different keyboard layout, we can change it to your language in three simple steps: Go to the system menu, preferences, keyboard, click the Layouts tab, add, your language, language we choose, moveUp and ready, the accents can be used by pressing shift plus the key. "If you already changed the language rather than 'they will appear .


Minimize all windows: Windows key + d.
Unity Autoocultar launcher:

Open the "manager Compiz configuration settings, select the Unity plugin and check" Hide pitcher "(" Autohide Launcher ").

Add bookmarks to Nautilus

Open a folder and access the most used folders, click favorites (bookmarks), add bookmarks.

Note: UNE can access the browser from the ubuntu logo in the upper left corner, select files and folders, access to a folder, click the folder icon top right.

II .- Programs to install

Free programs:

Video players:
VLC Player: This player and brings all the codecs, so you do not need.
Parole Media Player: Portable lightweight video that plays all the videos that we select.

Download managers and upload: Jdownloader and Tucan.

Audio Players: Qmmp, Audacious, Decibel, aTunes.

Astronomy: The planetarium Stellarium, Celestia universe's browser.

Other: The Karaoke program UltraStar Deluxe,
the audio and video converter WinFF, Omaque comics reader, the writer K3b.

Video Games: Barrage, gBrainy, Glest, Flightgear, OpenArena, Toribash, StepMania, Frets on Fire, Zsnes, PSX, Mupen64, Dolphin, PCSX2, Tuxpaint (and rubber stamps), Tuxmath, etc.

Startupmanager: Program to change the operating system your computer starts and how long it will take your grub on access to selected system. Write in terminal:
sudo apt-get install startupmanager
Kopete: Messenger with videoconference, for use with yahoo accounts, hotmail, gmail, aim, etc.

Virtualbox: To install other operating systems within ubuntu.

DVDStyler: To create your own custom DVD menus Caceres.

Wine: To install windows programs on ubuntu linux.

Pomodoro Me: A program to increase productivity, assigned 25 minutes of activity followed by 5 minutes of rest, you just have to download the version with ubuntu and open ubuntu software center:

II .- Install Codecs, Java, Flash, Compressors, etc.

Install codecs to watch any video, quoted in the terminal:
sudo apt-get install non-free-codecs libxine1-ffmpeg gxine mencoder mpeg2dec vorbis-tools id3v2 mpg321 mpg123 libflac++6 ffmpeg libmp4v2-0 totem-mozilla icedax tagtool easytag id3tool lame nautilus-script-audio-convert libmad0 libjpeg-progs libmpcdec3 libquicktime1 flac faac faad sox ffmpeg2theora libmpeg2-4 uudeview flac libmpeg3-1 mpeg3-utils mpegdemux liba52-dev
Enable DVD support:
sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2 && sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/./
Flash Player:
sudo apt-get install gsfonts gsfonts-x11 flashplugin-nonfree
Install the software to archive, compress or decompress documents:
sudo apt-get install unace rar unrar zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils uudeview mpack lha arj cabextract file-roller
Install Java Runtine Environment:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ferramroberto/java
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin sun-java6-fonts
III. - Install other programs closed:

Google Earth
Acrobat Reader

IV. - Install another desktop: LXDE

LXDE is a desktop ultralivano for ubuntu, ubuntu is installed from center software, reboot the system ,before you enter the password to enter choose lxde instead of openbox gnome. If that does not appear, log on normally, then close the session, choose LXDE and entering our user account.

It is a lightweight desktop that consumes few resources and energy
The panel has a performance monitor


Windows key + D: Minimizes all windows.
Alt + Tab: Switch between open windows.

Pass the program icons to the desktop, we click the menu, look for the program, right click, add to desktop.

Change your desktop resolution:

Open the terminal: Menu, accessories, LXTerminal

sudo leafpad /etc/X11/xorg.conf
Write your password. In the xorg.conf file that opens paste the following:

Section "Device"
Identifier "Configured Video Device"

Section "Monitor"
Identifier "Configured Monitor"

Section "Screen"
Identifier "Default Screen"
Monitor "Configured Monitor"
Device "Configured Video Device"
DefaultDepth 24
SubSection "Display"
Depth 24
Modes "1280x1024" "1024x768" "800x600"

Save the file.
Reboot and have a higher resolution on your desktop
To change the resolution, click menu, preferences, monitor settings, to choose the resolution and refresh rate to turn the monitor or not to use.

V. - Improve Firefox
Choose a topic people:
A spelling dictionary in the language you use: dictionaries.
Install the addon Colofourtabs:
Install the addon Speed Dial:
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