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How to remove Unity in Ubuntu 11.04

It seems to be "counter-current" because Unity is the default interface in Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal, but many users do not like and are ....

Configuring Unity on Ubuntu 11.04

Ubuntu 11.04 not bring, at least until the release of latest beta- No tool to configure settings in Unity installed by default. However,....

Install KDE 4.5 in Ubuntu/Kubuntu 10.04

I recently came out of KDE SC 4.5 version with these developments: Major changes in notification area. Monochromatic icons are now used to ....

Ubuntu 11.10 Oneiric: Remove Unity and use Gnome Classic by Default

In a decision that will alter plans of more than a distribution based on this desktop, GNOME developers announced under its current GUAD....

BURG : beautify your Bootloader

In most Linux distros, our bootloader is GRUB, which only shows letters of operating system with which we go up, BURG this change. BURG is....

Saturday, April 30, 2011

What's New in Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal


Well, Ubuntu 11.04 came out as we all know. This version brings important changes, particularly in the graphical user interface that at first may not like some or turn to rookies. But in a few days is usually

What's New in Ubuntu 11.04
  • Since there is no special version for netbooks. The desktop version and the netbook are the same now.
  • New interface. The new interface for Ubuntu 11.04 called unity and is a fairly radical change. Radical as to interface, but is still using Gnome 2 as desktop environment.
  • Kernel 2.6.38
  • LibreOffice into account OpenOffice. Basically the same thing with another name and 'free'
  • Banshee into account Rhythmbox
  • Firefox 4 as a browser.
  • New Default wallpapers for Ubuntu 11.04
  • All applications updated.
  • Center for updated software. Now lets you paint applications and write reviews about them.

Download
You can download it from Ubuntu official website. For the few left who are not aware, Ubuntu is and always will be free (although I believe there are still people who do not know). And as always we recommend using torrents to download it is faster in general, allows parties and down less server overhead.

How to install Ubuntu 11.04
I've already explained, I made a tutorial for install ubuntu 4.11

As test
Ubuntu 11.04 can be tested online. Although servers will be saturated surely the days following the recent release of the distro.

And anyway, is a video summarizing the new features in this new version of Ubuntu.



Friday, April 29, 2011

Updating Ubuntu from 10.10 to 11.04



Well my friends, the day has arrived. Today comes the new version of Ubuntu ,The 11.04, codenamed Natty Narwhal. You can download the image of CD from Official site, but if Ubuntu 10.10 you can make the process easier.

On the desktop type the key combination ALT+F2. A window to run an application. Write it
update-manager -d
And this will run the Update Manager, which will see a new option:


Now select the Upgrade option. I asked to read the documentation for the version of Ubuntu coming out and asks if you want to perform the upgrade. If you agree, start downloading and installing. Be patient, it will take a little.

Once done, reboot, and poof! Ubuntu Natty Narwhal Installed:


I hope you have served, Greetings!

Kubuntu, Xubuntu, Edubuntu, Ubuntu Studio and Mythbuntu 11.04 are also here!


Ubuntu 4.11 'Natty Narwhal' has not come alone, has a whole family around the complements in several sections and tastes, and new versions are waiting to be downloaded: Kubuntu, Xubuntu, Edubuntu, Ubuntu Studio and Mythbuntu 11.04 are also here!


On this occasion the number of links is such that it is best to direct you download pages of each project ,Where you will find the different editions and links for direct download or torrent. If what you want is the "normal version", just choose those identified as "desktop" and type architecture (i386 for 32-bit, amd64 for 64-bit):
As you probably can see, the versions Ubuntu Studio and Mythbuntu are not yet available, But is expected to be soon.

And there is much to tell the younger sisters of Ubuntu. All have the same "background" major version, including the Linux kernel and major components, just change the "shape".

For example, Kubuntu and Xubuntu main features include KDE SC 4.6.2 and Xfce 4.8 respectively, while Ubuntu Studio and Mythbuntu not yet know practically nothing. Everything else stays chosen software configuration and there are no surprises there (but if any, I will count them.)

Meanwhile, To download away!

12 common mistakes committed by newbies in linux


With the advent of new Ubuntu 11.04 also get a lot of beginners to GNU/Linux world. Usually come from the world of windows tired of viruses, reboots, slow, etc etc.

All those new Linux users probably followed some tutorial to install ubuntu from the many that exist in the web. But then, being face to face with linux very typical mistakes like these ...

Assume that they are using windows. Believe it or not exist in this world who can not distinguish whether they are using a Windows, a Mac or Linux. Then assume that everything works the same way and it is not, each OS has its way of doing things.

They try to run the .Exe. Many times I have received criticism by saying that in one windows to double click a .Exe and installed a program and ubuntu does not work. They must understand that each operating system has made programs just for them.

Not finding programs. It has to do with the 2 above, people think you have to go to google and search for "chrome for ubuntu" when in fact they have to open synaptic or Ubuntu software center and there are all programs that are going to need in your life and many more.

Choosing the wrong distribution of Linux. This is simple but many do wrong, simple ignorance of course. If you are a beginner you should choose: ubuntu or linux mint or mandriva. You should never choose arch or slackware or gentoo.

LibreOffice send files to Windows users in the default format. LibreOffice and OpenOffice (if anyone still uses it) save files in a free format that is unintelligible by microsoft office. So before you save a document Be sure to save in the correct format .... If you are going to send a Windows user.

Dodge console. It is understandable that new users will be afraid of the console as it was reminded to use DOS. And the fact that today a user can live without ever touching the console. But learning to use a little can make a big difference in productivity.

Giving up too fast
. Many users do not stay an hour or linux. Sometimes trying to do things like log in to the msn and not make it and just go with the impression that Linux is useless. Try to inform the user and explain it patiently. For this there are also many blogs dedicated to linux.

Think that the windows directory are the same in linux. In linux there is no C, in linux home directory is called root and is symbolized by "/". In Linux the directory is /home/USERNAME

Skipping updates. In windows updates get headaches and feel like hitting the PC, besides we're not even sure it is installed. In Linux however updates are annoying, can be automatic or manual but never bother the user. And always bring good things with it, more security, improvements in some programs, etc. Do not skip updates on Linux!

Login as root. I must admit that I also made this mistake in the past and when I was a beginner. Not to be entering the password each time then logs in me as root. Which is very dangerous, but if it is connected to the Internet.

Missing windows. I've seen happen to everyone using linux at all. You are browsing or doing something and suddenly they lost a window. They think that have closed or linux windows close by themselves. No, what happened was that insurance was sent to another desktop. That must explain to the new desks that exist and how to use.

Ignoring safety. Actually I've never had a single virus or not to use antivirus in the several years I've been using linux. But that is no reason to compromise the security of your system. They should know the basic safety rules such as not logging in as root, install preferred programs from the repositories, etc. Linux it means they have a system 1000 times safer than it was windows but does not mean it is completely perfect.

Thursday, April 28, 2011

Shutdown and reboot buttons on your Ubuntu desktop


Some time ago I wanted to place a button on the desktop to allow me to turn off the computer. More than anything pigeon, for that of not having to go to the menu to turn off the computer. You see nothing special. Time whim.

Not that he has devoted much time to this, but of course when I saw the other day, it made me laugh, and then today's article.

The sense of the matter is that we edit the sudoers file to allow the use of shutdown or reboot, but we do it through D-Bus. This allows us to put a couple of buttons to shutdown or reboot (or more) on the desktop, which was what I wanted, leaving the thing as this:


Code Shutdown, Reboot, suspend and hibernate
Shutdown


The file you have to give execute permission. For example if we call it "Shutdown":

chmod +x Shutdown
The same will be done to the other commands:
dbus-send –system –print-reply –dest=org.freedesktop.Hal \
/org/freedesktop/Hal/devices/computer \
org.freedesktop.Hal.Device.SystemPowerManagement.Shutdown
Reboot
dbus-send –system –print-reply –dest=org.freedesktop.Hal \
/org/freedesktop/Hal/devices/computer \
org.freedesktop.Hal.Device.SystemPowerManagement.Reboot
Suspend
dbus-send –system –print-reply –dest=org.freedesktop.Hal \
/org/freedesktop/Hal/devices/computer \
org.freedesktop.Hal.Device.SystemPowerManagement.Suspend int32:1
Hibernate
dbus-send –system –print-reply –dest=org.freedesktop.Hal \
/org/freedesktop/Hal/devices/computer \
org.freedesktop.Hal.Device.SystemPowerManagement.Hibernate
Button code
Shutdown


The file you'll have to save as Shutdown.desktop, with the following contents:
#!/usr/bin/env xdg-open
[Desktop Entry]
Version=1.0
Type=Application
Terminal=false
Exec=/home/atareao/Desktop/reboot.sh
Name=Reboot
Icon=/usr/share/icons/Faenza/actions/scalable/media-playlist-repeat.svg
Exec have to change to the address where you have located the file to execute.

[Tip] How to revert to the default settings of Unity



If after reading the entries with options for settings Unity you were "fingering" your system and you are not too happy with your desktop of Ubuntu 11.04 You can quickly return to default settings ,To leave Unity how recently left the factory.

You only have to type in the terminal the following command:
unity --reset
And everything will return to normal.

Behavior of launcher in Unity, configuration-Part II-


In the previous entry saw the settings of plugin Unity in Compiz on tab Behaviour

Now let's see in detail the options that you can set the tab Experimental


Backligth Mode

Set the backlight to have icons for the launcher, Allways On Backligth (Default) all icons are backlight (pictured at left) Toggles BackLigth only illuminates icons for running applications (pictured right) Allways BackLigth Off there is no lighting on the icons (pictured at center)


Launch Animation

Sets the animation launcher icons
None does not show animation when launching an application, UNTIL Running Press (default) the backlight turns off the application until it finishes loading, Blink la backlight blinks until the application finishes loading.

Urgent Animattion

Report sets out how an icon of something important, None does not display animation Press similar to the animation of release Move icon moves.

Panel Opacity

Set the opacity of the top panel

Launcher Icon Size

Sets the size of icons on the launcher, with minimum 32px and maximum 64px (default 48px)

Hide Animation


Sets the animation to hide/show panel Fade on bfb and Slide (***)-Vanishes based on the position of the cursor on the button BigFunny (such that the top left of the panel that has the Ubuntu logo) and then slips, Slide Only only pitcher slides Fade Only only vanishes ,Fade and Slide slips and fades.

Blur Dash

Sets the level of blur on the board No Blur and Static Blur are options.

How To Install Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal


I thought about making a post about how install Ubuntu 11.04 ,But I'm not going to do after 2 reasons, the main one is that I have not had much time and the second is that there are no major changes regarding install ubuntu 10.10, So at least for me it makes little sense to do a post about it.

Anyway, can someone wants to follow a step by step tutorial and updated the Installing Ubuntu, So I recommend two post with some friends from home.
Anyway, the steps for a ubuntu installation are simple:
  1. download ISO image from the ubuntu website, burn to a cd and then boot the pc from the cd
  2. Choose the language.
  3. In the window ensure they meet requirements the first 2. Try to be connected to the Internet when installing ubuntu 11.04 natty narwhal
  4. If you have Windows or another operating system will ask if you want to install ubuntu along with other system or install ubuntu using the whole disk and erasing everything else. Of course you will know what to do. This is really the only step that has some complexity.
  5. Choose geographic location and time zone.
  6. Choose keyboard layout.
  7. Choose username and password.
  8. Wait-out slides
Enjoy it, good upgrade/installation!

Ubuntu 11.04 ‘Natty Narwhal’ arrived


Now. Arrived! Reached the new final version of the distribution GNU/Linux most rivers of ink has been unleashed throughout the world in recent years, especially with this issue that aims to imbue its users a new desktop concept called Unity. Ubuntu 11.04 came 'Natty Narwhal'!

Linux 2.6.38, GNOME 2.32.1, Firefox 4, LibreOffice 3.3.2, Banshee 2 ... Among many others, these are the values of Ubuntu 11.04, plus Ubuntu One and other services, but one that captures most view: Unity, the more risky bet Canonical and far from today is when we is tested.

Too many new in Ubuntu 11.04 -the same Unity has much to tell- so this release note is just that, pending the distribution analysis we are already prepared and you will see published in the coming days.

Today, now, without further ado, the links to Download Ubuntu 11.04 ‘Natty Narwhal’ via torrent ,Because the direct download mirrors are being updated at this time and will soon be saturated:
If however you still prefer direct download, here:
Rounding out the play we offer also official Ubuntu 11.04 artwork , Which you can print for use in your own copies of CDs (Is it about free software!)
Home
CD
Back

Wednesday, April 27, 2011

Create USB Multiboot with several GNU/Linux distros


Multi-System is an application to create a usb/sd bootable with GNU/Linux you choose.


You can try the USB created with virtualbox or qemu from the same application.

You can also choose the boot loader to be installed on the flash drive can be Grub, Gru2 or Burg.

Add the repository:
sudo sh -c "echo 'deb http://liveusb.info/multisystem/depot all main #MultiSystem' >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/multisystem.list" && wget -q http://liveusb.info/multisystem/depot/multisystem.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
Update package list:
sudo apt-get update
And install Multi-System:
sudo apt-get install multisystem

VirtualBox 4.0.6: up to 256 kernels, and improved support for Unity


Oracle has released VirtualBox 4.0.6 ,The latest version of its virtualization application available for Windows, Mac OS X and Linux and is the third stable update VirtualBox 4.0.


According to the developers, this update integrates more than 50 changes and correctionsIncluding those affecting VirtualBox 4.04, which added support for guest machines with Ubuntu 11.04.

so far, VirtualBox does not support more than 64 kernels and threads on hyperthreading, but this latest version comes to support up to 256 kernels (Not the Windows version), as well as providing support for key combinations of the host machine and the ability to store snapshots in the same directory of the virtual machine.

There are also several fixes for Mac OS X hosts and X11, Support for X.Org Server 11.0 for Linux and several new features, including improved support for autorun and corrections to kernel 2.6.39-rc1.

Another important change is the version improved support for Unity, Which was glitches in the previous version but now seems solved if you activate the hardware acceleration in the virtual machine configuration with Ubuntu 11.04, and although some users seem to have problems by an odd mix of drivers (such user error), it seems that the current support is correct.

For those who older version of VirtualBox, as I do, if you Unity not working you will have to install the package virtualbox-ose-guest-x11.

You can check List of changes here ,And Download VirtualBox 4.0.6 in Official project page, Which as we mentioned offers versions for Windows, Mac OS X, Linux and Solaris also.

Ubuntu repair when it starts in graphical mode - Safe mode


If you ever change the system or the xorg.conf file and see that the system can no longer access the GUI, use safe mode.

Steps:
  1. Turn on your computer, you'll see all the options in the grub.
  2. Select from ubuntu in safe mode
  3. Select the low failsafe mode menu, select the user and write your password.
With this access the system via the GUI and may recover their files or to repair the damaged file, for example xorg.conf or that have changed.

Note: Entering this way the system when they can not use the live cd or usb liberation of ubuntu and can not access the system from other systems

Tuesday, April 26, 2011

How To Install BURG in Ubuntu


BURG is a program based on that Grub2 allows us to easily customize the bootloader. To install add these repositories:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bean123ch/burg
sudo apt-get update
I installed the following:
sudo apt-get install burg burg-emu burg-pc burg-themes-common burg-common burg-themes
When you exit this screen, you leave the field empty first and the second you put quiet splash as in the image.

In this screen if you only have an option You select, if you have more and do not know which to select all.

With this we have burg and some themes for it installed to change the subject have to press 't' in the boot menu.

To view the items we can use the command:

sudo burg-emu -r host

Configuring Unity on Ubuntu 11.04, launcher behavior


We saw in a previous post how to install CCSM in Ubuntu 11.04 to access the settings for some aspects of Unity.

In this post we will see some options you can use to modify the behavior of the Unity
launcher.

We said that pressing Alt+F2 and typing "about:config" went directly to the Unity configuration of Compiz and we would see a screen like this.

Let's start with the tab Behaviour, The first item we have is Reveal Mode.

Supposedly ,This section is for setting the edge where passing the mousse launcher panel is displayed, I must say that I've tried to put such right and I have not worked, I have worked only 3 on the left, second I think it makes sense since there is the launcher, it makes no sense I think, set the launcheris displayed when putting the cursor to the right of the screen, there are some points that will tell them in conflict with other plugins of compiz, so manage it carefully.

Hide Launcher

In this section we set concealment options Unity launcher discretion:
  • Never - The launcher never sets.
  • Autohide - The launcher is automatically hidden after a while.
  • Dodge Windows - The launcher will be hidden when a window overlaps with it. (Enabled by default)
  • Dodge Active Windows - The launcher will be hidden when a window active overlaps with it.
The following are the keyboard shortcuts available for the shooter.

Key to display the Launcher -Default Super- (Or the button with the logo of a popular proprietary operating system ) If we keep the Super key down a few more seconds, we will see the available shortcuts to launch different applications. (In the capture, the image on the left)

Key to focus on the
launcher -Default Alt+F1- And to navigate it with the keyboard (in the capture, the image on the right).

Key to execute a command -Default Alt+F2- The combination opens the search dash where you can enter a command to run for example. one that we saw here about:config to run the Unity plugin

Key to open the first panel menu -F10 default-

In a future post we see in detail the experimental tab options.

Configuring Unity on Ubuntu 11.04


Ubuntu 11.04 not bring, at least until the release of latest beta- No tool to configure settings in Unity installed by default.

However, this is easily solved, since many of the graphic aspects of Unity can configure it from your plug in Compiz settings manager.

In this post we will install the Compiz settings manager in Ubuntu 11.04, And other post we will see what we can do to change some options in it.

To make this task only to address the Software Center and in the search box type in ccsm and select to install the application "Advanced Configuration stationery" (In the image, already installed)


In contrast, if we want to do from a terminal, we just have to type
sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager
Once installed, the method you prefer, you can access the settings in ccsm Unity in two ways:

Super key and in the search box tipeamos "ccsm" see an image like this.


By clicking on the Compiz Manager Options we open the application window and select the plugin must Unity, highlighted in the following image.


Another even faster access to the Unity plugin in CCSM is using the key combination Alt+F2 and write "about:config"


By selecting the icon Unity we will go directly to the plugin configuration.


Here are several options you can configure, but we'll see in the following entries.

Monday, April 25, 2011

VirtualBox repository for Ubuntu 11.04 Natty


VirtualBox is a virtualization software you can install other operating systems within operating systems. It currently supports operating systems install GNU/Linux, FreeBSD, Windows, Solaris and others.


To install on any version of Ubuntu to natty:
Note: Ubuntu based distributions that do not retain their codename as LinuxMint change `lsb_release -cs` by the version in which the base (jaunty, maverick, natty ...)

Add the repositories:
sudo sh -c "echo 'deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian `lsb_release -cs` contrib #Virtualbox' >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list" && wget -q http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
Updates:
sudo apt-get update
And install virtualbox:
sudo apt-get install virtualbox-4.0 dkms
Now download and install double-click the extension pack to have support for USB 2.0.

More information: Virtualbox.org

Sunday, April 24, 2011

ESET NOD32 Antivirus comes to Linux


ESET NOD32 Antivirus has long been one of the antivirus software available for Microsoft Windows platforms rated by its speed and reliability, and has just appeared in Linux. Does anyone expect?


Each such notice is required to repeat the same old question: Why do we need an antivirus on Linux? Well, maybe many do they need it and as many other, especially those using mixed systems or share files with Windows. Anyway, there are increasing alternatives of this kind available to our operating system, which now adds the ESET product.
"Given the importance of using consumer and business Linux is essential to provide users with advanced security software to protect against cyber attacks" ,Said the CEO of ESET, Richard Marko.
To download ESET NOD32 AntiVirus you only have to enter this link, Which offers versions for 32 and 64 bits generic installation (No DEB or RPM) in Test Period ,Because this AntiVirus is to pay.

[Unity] Add a quick launch of the LibreOffice panel


Although Unity not have a tool for creating shortcuts similar to the application launcher for example, we do it ourselves getting into the guts (?) system.

We can create a quicklaunch of LibreOffice icon from LibreOffice Writer when you right click the icon should look like this.


From a terminal the following command tipeamos

gksu gedit /usr/share/applications/libreoffice-writer.desktop
In the file that opens look for the following line
X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=New
And we replaced everything that follows (Except the last line) with the following.
##Start of shortcut menu
##List of shortcuts
X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=Writer;Impress;Calc;Math;Draw
##Define Shortcuts
[Writer Shortcut Group]
Name=Writer
Exec=libreoffice -writer %U
OnlyShowIn=Unity

[Impress Shortcut Group]
Name=Impress
Exec=libreoffice -impress %U
OnlyShowIn=Unity

[Calc Shortcut Group]
Name=Calc
Exec=libreoffice -calc %U
OnlyShowIn=Unity

[Math Shortcut Group]
Name=Math
Exec=libreoffice -math %U
OnlyShowIn=Unity

[Draw Shortcut Group]
Name=Draw
Exec=libreoffice -draw %U
OnlyShowIn=Unity
##End of shortcut menu
Save and close the file, and add the access back to the dock of Unity (drag and drop on dock)

Saturday, April 23, 2011

Things to do after Install Ubuntu Natty Narwhal 11.04


When installing ubuntu we will always use the Gnome desktop, but will use a new user interface (shell) called Unity instead of Classic Gnome Shell.

User Interface (Shell) Unity is composed of a top panel and the panel where the time and sessions, the left side are used and programs that open.

If you install the program to see that the desktop does not fit the screen, can change the resolution, also may change monitor, for this click Applications (left panel), monitors, change resolution more or less, can choose the same image on both monitors, different image or select one and off. Apply and save the configuration.

I. - Some things to do or know

Know the programs that bring the system
  • Totem: video player
  • Banshee Media Player: Audioplayer.
  • LibreOffice. Office Suite.
  • Firefox: Web Browser.
  • Shotwell, viewer and image organizer.
  • Nautilus: The File Manager.
  • Transmission: Client torrent.
  • Evolution: personal information manager.
  • Gwiber: Customer microbloging.
  • Empathy: instant messaging client.
If you install Ubuntu in English, add your language to use accents (accent spelling) :
If your computer uses a different keyboard layout, we can change it to your language in three simple steps: Go to the system menu, preferences, keyboard, click the Layouts tab, add, your language, language we choose, moveUp and ready, the accents can be used by pressing shift plus the key. "If you already changed the language rather than 'they will appear .

Shortcuts:

Minimize all windows: Windows key + d.
 
Unity Autoocultar launcher:

Open the "manager Compiz configuration settings, select the Unity plugin and check" Hide pitcher "(" Autohide Launcher ").

Add bookmarks to Nautilus

Open a folder and access the most used folders, click favorites (bookmarks), add bookmarks.

Note: UNE can access the browser from the ubuntu logo in the upper left corner, select files and folders, access to a folder, click the folder icon top right.

II .- Programs to install

Free programs:

Video players:
VLC Player: This player and brings all the codecs, so you do not need.
Parole Media Player: Portable lightweight video that plays all the videos that we select.

Download managers and upload: Jdownloader and Tucan.

Audio Players: Qmmp, Audacious, Decibel, aTunes.

Astronomy: The planetarium Stellarium, Celestia universe's browser.

Other: The Karaoke program UltraStar Deluxe,
the audio and video converter WinFF, Omaque comics reader, the writer K3b.

Video Games: Barrage, gBrainy, Glest, Flightgear, OpenArena, Toribash, StepMania, Frets on Fire, Zsnes, PSX, Mupen64, Dolphin, PCSX2, Tuxpaint (and rubber stamps), Tuxmath, etc.

Startupmanager: Program to change the operating system your computer starts and how long it will take your grub on access to selected system. Write in terminal:
sudo apt-get install startupmanager
Kopete: Messenger with videoconference, for use with yahoo accounts, hotmail, gmail, aim, etc.

Virtualbox: To install other operating systems within ubuntu.

DVDStyler: To create your own custom DVD menus Caceres.

Wine: To install windows programs on ubuntu linux.

Pomodoro Me: A program to increase productivity, assigned 25 minutes of activity followed by 5 minutes of rest, you just have to download the version with ubuntu and open ubuntu software center: http://www.odino.org/files/pomodorome_1.0.2-1.deb

II .- Install Codecs, Java, Flash, Compressors, etc.

Install codecs to watch any video, quoted in the terminal:
sudo apt-get install non-free-codecs libxine1-ffmpeg gxine mencoder mpeg2dec vorbis-tools id3v2 mpg321 mpg123 libflac++6 ffmpeg libmp4v2-0 totem-mozilla icedax tagtool easytag id3tool lame nautilus-script-audio-convert libmad0 libjpeg-progs libmpcdec3 libquicktime1 flac faac faad sox ffmpeg2theora libmpeg2-4 uudeview flac libmpeg3-1 mpeg3-utils mpegdemux liba52-dev
Enable DVD support:
sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2 && sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/./install-css.sh
Flash Player:
sudo apt-get install gsfonts gsfonts-x11 flashplugin-nonfree
Install the software to archive, compress or decompress documents:
sudo apt-get install unace rar unrar zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils uudeview mpack lha arj cabextract file-roller
Install Java Runtine Environment:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ferramroberto/java
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin sun-java6-fonts
III. - Install other programs closed:

Google Earth
Skype
Acrobat Reader

IV. - Install another desktop: LXDE

LXDE is a desktop ultralivano for ubuntu, ubuntu is installed from center software, reboot the system ,before you enter the password to enter choose lxde instead of openbox gnome. If that does not appear, log on normally, then close the session, choose LXDE and entering our user account.

Advantages:
It is a lightweight desktop that consumes few resources and energy
The panel has a performance monitor

Shortcuts:

Windows key + D: Minimizes all windows.
Alt + Tab: Switch between open windows.

Pass the program icons to the desktop, we click the menu, look for the program, right click, add to desktop.

Change your desktop resolution:

Open the terminal: Menu, accessories, LXTerminal
Quote:

sudo leafpad /etc/X11/xorg.conf
Write your password. In the xorg.conf file that opens paste the following:

Section "Device"
Identifier "Configured Video Device"
EndSection

Section "Monitor"
Identifier "Configured Monitor"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
Identifier "Default Screen"
Monitor "Configured Monitor"
Device "Configured Video Device"
DefaultDepth 24
SubSection "Display"
Depth 24
Modes "1280x1024" "1024x768" "800x600"
EndSubSection
EndSection

Save the file.
Reboot and have a higher resolution on your desktop
To change the resolution, click menu, preferences, monitor settings, to choose the resolution and refresh rate to turn the monitor or not to use.

V. - Improve Firefox
Choose a topic people: http://www.getpersonas.com/en-US/gallery/
A spelling dictionary in the language you use: dictionaries.
Install the addon Colofourtabs: http://www.getpersonas.com/en-US/gallery/
Install the addon Speed Dial: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/speed-dial/

Retrieve list of installed packages, Save a list of all programs installed on Ubuntu


Next week I will make an installation of Ubuntu 11.04 beta 2 (64 bits) from scratch, but I will not lose the programs that I have currently installed. I searched on the solution to this problem is that with a single command can save a list of all packages installed on our current Ubuntu installation. The procedure is as follows:

First keep the list:
dpkg --get-selections | grep -v deinstall > ubuntu-files #this can be changed by the name you want, it will save the file where the list but should be no spaces
One problem you may encounter is that you do not have the same list of repositories. To fix that use this command (before formatting):
cp /etc/apt/sources.list ~/sources.list
Now save the files in a pen or on a hard drive that we will not format, which will be in our home folder.

For when you want to install it, the first thing to do is join the two lists of repositories, copy only the deb or deb-src of the old equipment, not to fill it with unnecessary comments the new repositories.

And when you want to install use these commands:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
sudo dpkg --set-selections < ubuntu-files
sudo dselect install
If you appear as non-existent dselect is that you must install:
sudo apt-get install dselect
This is can be used both for domestic use, as I do, or to install the same software on multiple computers, such as a company.

Friday, April 22, 2011

Firefox 4 flashing with Flash



Greetings to all

This "tutorial" originated in a problem, as all ... my computer with 64-bit processor, Firefox 4 to use any site with Flash, blinked and did not allow correct navigation so:
1. I uninstalled the Flash plugin for Firefox
2. Download from the adobe labs site the latest version of flash plugin, but for 64-bit Adobe Labs
3. Unzip the downloaded file
4. Move the libflashplayer.so to /usr/lib64/mozilla/plugins
5. In the case of Firefox 4 it was not necessary to restart the application (ILY GNU/LINUX) .. and ready!

I hope that will help them.

[HOW TO] Change TTY resolution after Install proprietary driver (10.10)


Sometimes we find that after installing the proprietary driver for our graphics cards, the resolution of the TTY is the size of a thumb character.

To solve this problem, I present this [HOWTO] in order to solve

1. We need the following packages:
sudo apt-get install v86d hwinfo
2. We seek the ID of our favorite resolution:
sudo hwinfo --framebuffer | grep "Mode"
see something like this:
Model: "NVIDIA NV34 Board - p162-2nz"
....
  Mode 0x0317: 1024x768 (+2048), 16 bits
  Mode 0x0318: 1024x768 (+4096), 24 bits
  Mode 0x031a: 1280x1024 (+2560), 16 bits
  Mode 0x031b: 1280x1024 (+5120), 24 bits
....
  Mode 0x0352: 2048x1536 (+8192), 24 bits
The hexadecimal numbers are iD (Identifiers), in my case I chose 0x0318, which corresponds to 1024x768 resolution.

3. Now we must tell the kernel to use when starting resolution.
sudo gedit  /etc/default/grub
In this file find the following lines:
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=""
...
#GRUB_GFXMODE=640×480
and change it chose the resolution.
Note: You must be sure that your monitor supports the latest resolution listed for "hwinfo" in my case it worked, and I chose 1024x728. Note the CHANGES IN THE TEXT.
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash nomodeset video=uvesafb:mode_option=1027x768-24,mtrr=3,scroll=ywrap"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="vga=0x0318"
...
GRUB_GFXMODE=1024x768
Store.

4. Edit another file:
sudo gedit /etc/initramfs-tools/modules
and add this text to the end
uvesafb mode_option=1024x768-24 mtrr=3 scroll=ywrap
Store.

5. Need to create another file:
echo FRAMEBUFFER=y | sudo tee /etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d/splash
6. All ready, just need to update the settings:
sudo update-grub2
sudo update-initramfs -u
7. Final step restart. and enjoy.

Nothing of GIMP 2.8 until November (minimum)


Martin Nordholts, software engineer at Sony Ericsson, is the leading developer of GIMP, The picture editor who recently version 2.7.2 released, Has some news about the forecast of the expected appearance of GIMP 2.8, a development that has long been in the limelight and that theoretically would appear in December 2010.


But that did not happen ,And many people wonder what is happening with the development. We fear that the essential reason is that there is much to do and few people to do it, so obviously the thing is getting longer than we would like.

Martin explains in his blog they just wanted to try to offer a Approximate planning the release of GIMP 2.8, And this has made use of tasktaste.com, service allows you to create project schedules and now is the method that lets us know roughly when will GIMP 2.8.


And according to that graph by Martin, GIMP 2.8 will be completed by 25 November 2011, And so taking into account the whole process goes as expected. There are a few failures and included in such planning with their respective size and importance, so if you are programmers and want to contribute to the development of GIMP, the project certainly is not bad, and your CV either

Opera 11.10 for Ubuntu

Well had already left the launch a few weeks ago, but better late than never so I bring you links for downloading the web browser very good and exceeds the Acid3 test


Download :

GIMP 2.7.2, slowly but steadily


We continue with launches of previous versions with GIMP 2.7.2, Which serves evidence base for the long awaited version 2.8 -That is delayed increasingly, being at the same time bearer of the news it.


GIMP 2.7.2 is still in shaping the new features it will offer its final version, as Single screen mode ,The introduction of tactile device support or a complete renovation in some tools (especially in the brush).

In the announcement You can find all the information on this release, which not recommended for production environments. Anyway, the bug report is welcome, and any other means of collaboration.

To install GIMP 2.7.2 is only the source, So it's best to go to specific repositories ,As backports or others. For Ubuntu, Missing more, there is a PPA available.

Windows Live Messenger has come to Android, Also to Linux?


Has finally announced what many users of mobile operating system by Google expected to win: Windows Live Messenger has come to Android. Could we also use Linux?


The news was first leaked on the French website Clubic on 11 April, a few hours before his run. Since then it is possible will find yourself Windows Live Messenger in the Android Market. or Messenger by Miyowa ,Because this is how it actually called both the application and the company that created it.

Why not talk about a client developed by Microsoft, which was not even for Windows Phone, but the official option authorized by the Redmond for Android and Windows Phone.


The question now is, Would it be possible to also use Linux? Supposedly, and should be. Though designed for mobile devices, it should be a good match with that network, one of the complaints that often have native Linux clients whose "solution" might be it. Because clones already, and will not be missing MSN client for Android.

Monday, April 18, 2011

Add Dropbox Indicator to Ubuntu Natty Narwhal


Installing Ubuntu perfect, everything works fine, and start to sync my Dropbox folder... And oh, surprise. Could not see the icon. Then I remembered that now I had to display the Notification area. I tried upgrade to the latest version and still did not receive the icon.

So I searched and found this solution that can enable the display of Dropbox, or AppIndicator, which will display on our desktop client.

To download, follow these steps:

Open a terminal and dropbox process ends with :
dropbox stop
Delete the folder dropbox settings on our team (the same as delete when we update dropbox):
rm -r ~/.dropbox-dist
Download the latest version of Dropbox, supporting AppIndicator. If you have 32-bit writes:
cd
wget http://dl-web.dropbox.com/u/17/dropbox-lnx.x86-1.1.7.tar.gz
tar -xvf dropbox-lnx.x86-1.1.7.tar.gz
If you have 64-bit command cd
wget http://dl-web.dropbox.com/u/17/dropbox-lnx.x86_64-1.1.7.tar.gz
tar -xvf dropbox-lnx.x86_64-1.1.7.tar.gz
Now start with Appindicator Dropbox:
dropbox start
If all goes well, they'll see this:


See? Very easy.

Saturday, April 16, 2011

[Solution] When you open "Sites" opens the Totem player


For some strange reason ,Gnome ceased to "know how to open" media files with the default application, and more importantly, when I opened any of the folders in Sites ,It was with the movie player, namely Totem. As I said before know the reason, but how to fix it, since the problem was in the association of applications, so I opened mimeapps.list, And there I saw the reason for what happened to me, to open directory was set as the default application Player. Now here's how to change.

When you open the configuration file Edit the file mimeapps.list from a terminal. We opened with this order by changing where it says user for ours:
gedit /home/usuario/.local/share/applications/mimeapps.list
and modify the line below, nautilus changing where it says player:
inode/directory=reproductor.desktop
Store and we will not have that problem.

Greetings.

VLC 1.1.9 released [PPA]



Has been released version 1.1.9 of VLC

We can install this version by adding your PPA:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:n-muench/vlc
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install vlc vlc-plugin-pulse mozilla-plugin-vlc
If you have added the PPA and VLC installed, you just need to update:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

Enable/disable services at the start of Ubuntu


In most Linux users like us optimization, the system works best by consuming only the bare minimum. But Linux will not make all the work alone, we must help. This time we will help disabling unnecessary services.

For example: Bluethoot, mysql, hplip, ssh. These things do not always use, therefore would not be better to have disabled? Use only when the need?

Well, one way enable or disable these things the team would start changing the permissions of the files in init.d, There are also graphical tools such as Bum to help us do the same.

But today I am presenting is called sysv-rc-conf and bum does the same thing, but it shows all services that start with linux (unlike Bum not all shown).

To install sysv-rc-conf simply do a:
sudo apt-get install sysv-rc-conf
And run with:
sudo sysv-rc-conf
The program looks like this:

  • Each line represents a service.
  • Each column represents a runlevel (system state: established, in use, stopped, reset ...)
  • The normal working runlevel in Ubuntu is 2.
  • Use CTRL+N to move to the next page of services and CTRL+P to go to the previous page.
  • Use the arrows to scroll.
  • Use the space bar to check or uncheck a box.
  • Press Q to exit.
  • In general to disable a service at the beginning, you have to uncheck the boxes in columns 2 and 5 for the service. To re-enable it, check these boxes again.
  • For a humanly comprehensible description of services, see the following link : https://wiki.ubuntu.com/InitScriptHumanDescriptions
Well I hope they serve and to optimize the boot of Ubuntu/Linux, is one of the ways to achieve Ubuntu faster.

Manage your folders and files on Android, from the PC via WIFI

The application of which I am going to talk about is WebSharingLite File/Media Sync they can transfer this file gives you information about the battery, the wifi signal and use the processor and the sd.

Running the application will see something like this:



You enter the ip and port show you in any browser and enter password showing underneath. The only problem I find is that you transfer the files one by one.



Download: Android Market

Friday, April 15, 2011

Nmap, scans your computer ports

Nmap is a security tool used, among other things, show open ports of a team. It is also possible to "request" Nmap to show us additional information on each port as well as the operating system itself.

As Nmap is included in the Ubuntu repositories, so installation is simple:
sudo apt-get install nmap
Once installed, you can do the most basic test:


As you can see, on my computer I have 3 ports open: the 139 and 445 belong to NetBIOS (network sharing folders/files, because I have a shared folder), and 631 corresponds to IPP (Internet Printing Protocol or Service print.) If you want to make a more complete test, you can use option -sV in the command line. With this option you get, as well as open ports, version of the service associated with each port:


It is possible to conduct even more detailed evidence, which show open ports, service versions, operating system version, etc. with the following command line:
nmap -A --osscan-guess 127.0.0.1
-A > Detecting Operating system ,versions of services ...

-- Osscan-guess > Operating system detection "aggressive".

Finally, if you find yourself comfortable using the terminal, the option to install a GUI for Nmap called Zenmap ,Also included in the Ubuntu repositories:
sudo apt-get install zenmap
Be installed as Applications - Internet - Zenmap. Here is a screenshot of Zenmap equivalent to the second test we saw in this post:


Then I leave the link to the Nmap website showing all available options. I hope that helps you:


A greeting.

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